The Casa Batlló is a building by the architect Antoni Gaudí. Is one of the the highest representative of Catalan modernism. It is an integral remodeling of an existing by Emilio Sala Cortés. It is in the so-called Manzana de la discordia, because there are other houses in addition to this building of other modernist architects: the house Amatller, Casa Lleó Morera, Casa Mulleras and Casa Josefina Bonet Coquillat. The construction took place between 1904 and 1906. Gaudí designed the project to remodel the Casa Batlló at age 52. by then he had already overcome the historicist styles of the 19th century, and his architectural style had transcended to reflect a personal vision of architecture, of great originality and innovation. However, in Gaudi’s works, the design of the whole does not deprive the building concept of functionality. In this sense, it is important to highlight the importance given to both lighting and ventilation. To this end, a large central courtyard was set up in the center of the building, which was ventilation to the service rooms. While the living rooms and bedrooms overlooked the façade
It is in the center of Madrid, a few meters away from the plaza de la Puerta del Sol and next to the Calle Mayor. The origins of the plaza go back to the 16th century, when the junction of the roads (actually) the streets of Toledo and Atocha, in the outside of the medieval villa, it was celebrated in here, known as “plaza del Arrabal”, the principal market of the villa. In 1580, after transferring the court to Madrid in 1561, Felipe II commissioned the restauration project of the plaza to Juan de Herrera, when the demolishing of the houses around the old plaza started in that same year. The “Cuchilleros Arch” is a work of Juan de Villanueva, that after the 1790 fire, the plaza was completely closed enabling a series of arcs to access it. The origin of its name comes from the old street at the end of the arch, where workshops of the guild of cutlery, that supplied their articles to the guild of butchers were located. Actually, the “plaza Mayor” as the “Cuchilleros Arch” are a notable touristic point of Spain’s capital.
Isabel I of Castilla was queen of Castile from 1474 to 1504, queen consorted of Sicily from 1469 and of Aragon from 1479, by her marriage to Fernando de Aragón. She is called “the Catholic”, title that was granted to her and her husband by Pope Alexander VI. Isabel granted support to Christopher Columbus in the search for the West Indies, which led to the discovery of America. This event would have consequently the conquest of the discovered lands and the creation of the Spanish Empire. In 1815 King Ferdinand VII, after returning to Spain and restoring absolutism, created the order of Isabella the Catholic, a high decoration still given by the Spanish government. Later, the 19th century Spanish liberals and Romantics tended to have a positive image of the Catholic Monarchs, whom they regarded as the last national monarchs. From 1938, the dictatorship of Francisco Franco profusely used the figure and symbols of Isabel “la catholic” in its propaganda.
The Casa Milà, popularly called La Pedrera, is a modernist building by the architect Antoni Gaudí, built between 1906 and 1910. The house was built by commission of the marriage Pere Milà i Camps and Roser Segimon i Artells, and Gaudí collaborated with his assistants Josep Maria Jujol, Domènec Sugrañes, Francesc Quintana, Jaume Bayó i Font, Joan Rubió, Enrique Nieto and Josep Canaleta, as well as the builder Josep Bayó i Font, who had worked with Gaudí in The Casa Batlló. The Casa Milà reflects the artistic fullness of Gaudí: it belongs to its naturalistic stage (first decade of the 20th century). Casa Milà was declared a Historical-Artistic Monument of National Character in 1969, and in 1984 the UNESCO included it in the World Heritage Site «Works of Antoni Gaudí», together with Palace Güell, Park Güell and the Crypt of the Colonia Güell. The building was built on a land of 34 by 56 meters, with 1835 m2 of surface. It consists of six floors articulated around two inner courtyards, one circular and another oval, plus a basement, a loft and roof. This structure houses two semi-detached and independent buildings, each with its own access door and its own patio […]
The National Prado Museum in Madrid, Spain, is one of the most important in the world, as well as one of the most visited. Singularly rich in paintings of European masters from the 16th to the 19th centuries, according to the historian of art and Hispanist Jonathan Brown, “few would dare to doubt that it is the most important museum in the world in European painting”. Its main attraction is the wide presence of Velázquez, El Greco, Goya (the most widely represented artist in the museum), Tiziano, Rubens and Bosco, of which he has the best and most extensive collections worldwide, we must add such important authors as Murillo, Ribera, Zurbarán, Rafael, Veronese, Tintoretto, Van Dyck or Poussin. The Prado owes its origin to the hobby collector of the ruling dynasties over several centuries. It reflects the personal tastes of Spanish kings and their network of alliances and political enmities, making it an asymmetric collection, unsurpassed in certain artists and styles, and limited in others. The construction works were developed during the kingdom of Carlos III and Carlos IV, leaving the building practically finalized at the beginning of the 19th century. But the arrival of the French troops to Spain […]
Montserrat is a rocky massif traditionally considered the most important and significant mountain of Catalonia (Spain). It is located 30 km from the center of Barcelona. Here is located the monastery and Benedictine monastery of Montserrat, dedicated to the Virgin of Montserrat. The word mont means mountain and serrat means cut in Catalan. Such a name is given to it because of its peculiar morphology, in which it seems as if it had tried to “cut” it with a giant saw. In the heraldic representations, Montserrat appears like a group of mountains of gold on field with a gold saw that cuts it above. According to the legend that the image of the virgin in the Santa Cova was found, Montserrat has been linked with spirituality. In addition to the monastery, the mountain has several small churches and emits, some abandoned, such as Santa Cecilia, Sant Benet, Sant Joan or Sant Jeroni.
Born in Alcalá de Henares on September 29th of 1547 and died in Madrid on April 22th of 1616. It is considered the maximum figure in Spanish literature. The writer of “El ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha” was also a soldier, novelist, poet and playwriter. Cervantes created another genre, the polyphonic novel, where everything is confused. Even though he did it with his own style he used the narrative genre of his times: the byzantine novel, the pastoral novel, the picaresque novel, the Moorish novel, the lucianesca satire, the miscellany. The novels he wrote were: La Galatea, El ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha, Novelas ejemplares, El ingenioso Caballero Don Quijote de la Mancha, Los trabajos de Pérsiles and Sigismunda. As a curiosity, it is said that Miguel de Cervantes and William Shakespeare died the same day, the first one on April 22th and the other one on April 23rd. The 23rd of April was named in 1995 by the UNESCO as Book Day.
The festival of Moors and Christians has become one of the most representatives of the social life of Alicante, making it an attractive mixture of religiosity, strict label and controlled street festival. That is the case of San Blas, Villafranqueza, Altozano and José Antonio, where the streets are occupied by neighbors and friends willing to spend a few days of joy shared between music, parades and gunpowder. Friendship is an essential component of this celebration. Without that spirit the party would not exist. In quarters and kábilas almost everything is shared, where the food and the drink brings everyone together.
Its construction as a mosque began in the year 785, with the appropriation and reutilization of the materials of the Basilica of San Vicente Martyr, which was in this place, by the Muslim conquerors. The resulting building was expanded during the Emirate of Cordoba and the Caliphate of Cordoba. With 23,400 square meters, it was the second largest mosque in the world on surface. One of its main characteristics is that its wall of the qibla was not oriented towards the Mecca, but 51 degrees more towards the south, something habitual in the mosques of Andalusia. In 1238, after the Cristian conquest of the city, its consecration took place as a cathedral of the diocese. The building houses the cathedral chapter of the Diocese of Cordoba, being prohibited any collective worship or non-Catholic organized prayer. In 1523, under the direction of the architects Hernán Ruiz, el Viejo and his son, his cruciform Renaissance basilica of Plateresque style was built. Today, the complex constitutes the most important monument in Cordoba, as well as all the Andalusian architecture, together with the Alhambra, as well as the most emblematic of the Umayyad Muslim art. Declared as a Site of Cultural Interest and Cultural […]
The Peaks of Europe are a mountainous massif located in the north of Spain that belongs to the central part of the Cantabrian mountain range. Although they are not very extensive, its proximity to the sea makes it prodigal in geographical accidents of great interest. The National Park of The Peaks of Europe is the second most visited national park in Spain, after the Teide National Park. The Peaks of Europe are divided into three massifs: The Western massif or Cornion, the Central massif or the Urrieles, and the Eastern massif or the Andean massif. There are numerous theories as to why the Peaks of Europe were named. Traditionally the origin of its toponymy has been associated with the fact that it was supposed to be the first European land that sailors could see coming from America.